• Palazzolo, Paul and Angeline - Interview and Memoir

    Palazzolo, Paul and Angeline

    Paul Palazzolo recalls the Italian community in Springfield, coal mining and his family. Angeline Palazzolo recalls the Italian community of Springfield.

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  • Mantowich, Larry - Interview and Memoir

    Mantowich, Larry (1911-1994)

    Mantowich, coal miner, recalls mining conditions before mechanization, mining methods and practices, and miner-company relations. Also discusses prohibition and the Depression, the Ku Klux Klan, famil…

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  • Fancher, John - Interview and Memoir

    Fancher, John (1899-1984)

    Fancher, Springfield resident, recalls the 1930's coal mine wars in Central Illinois. He discusses his disagreement with the actions of John L. Lewis, being barred from the United Mine Workers Union,…

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  • Craggs, Joe - Interview and Memoir

    Craggs, Joe (1916-1998)

    Joe Craggs, coal miner, discusses the mine union wars, mechanization, mine superintendents, and the hierarchy of jobs in the mines.

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  • Taylor, Sam - Interview and Memoir

    Taylor, Sam (1910-1999)

    Sam Taylor, attorney in Taylorville, discusses the mine wars of the 1930's, political leaders, the judicial system, Peabody Coal Company and relationship with the UMW and PMA, and drainage and mine su…

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  • Wands, Julia - Interview and Memoir

    Wands, Julia (1911-1996)

    Wands discusses the mine wars of the 1930's in central Illinois, the Progressive Miners and United Mine Workers, the junior PMA auxiliary, Depression, and violence at Jeisyville, IL.

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  • Buckles, Joseph R. - Interview and Memoir

    Buckles, Joseph R. (1902-1981)

    Buckles discusses life in the early 20th century in Pawnee, Illinois. He discusses experiences working for the Peabody Coal Company, the Depression, conflict in the mines, and bootlegging. He also dis…

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  • Hughes, Eugene - Interview and Memoir

    Hughes, Eugene (1908-1987)

    Hughes, coal miner and former International President of the Progressive Miners of America, discusses working conditions in the mines, mining technology and methods, formation of the PMA Union, violen…

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  • Kastelic, Lena (aka Irene Giacopazzi) - Interview and Memoir

    Kastelic, Lena (aka Irene Giacopazzi) b. 1914

    Kastelic, daughter of Italian immigrants, discusses the circumstances of her first marriage in which she lived in extreme poverty and was severely abused. She also discusses the mining community near…

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  • Wells, Kenneth F. - Interview and Memoir

    Wells, Kenneth F. (1913-1992)

    Wells, President of the United Mine Workers, District 12, discusses John L. Lewis, union activities, coal mining mechanization, and disasters.

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  • Schuppe, George - Interview and Memoir

    Schuppe, George (1909-1980)

    Schuppe discusses Illinois life during the 20th century: his experiences as a UPI reporter in the 1930's; work as executive secretary to Lieutenant Governor John Stelle in 1937; public relations work…

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  • Butcher, Irene - Interview and Memoir

    Butcher, Irene (1902-1975)

    Butcher, Springfield businesswoman and owner of the Butcher Tavern, discusses Springfield in the early 1900's: its citizens and businesses, downtown, changes from rural to urban atmosphere, prohibitio…

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  • Miller, Ada - Interview and Memoir

    Miller, Ada (1910-1999)

    Ada Miller, resident of Christian County, discusses her family's grocery store in Langleyville during the mine wars of the 1930's; impact of mine layoffs and strikes on the community; Progressive Mine…

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  • Lambert, Cuthbert - Interview and Memoir

    Lambert, Cuthbert (1918-1993)

    Lambert discusses his experiences as a coal miner at Taylorville, Illinois: unsafe working conditions, the pit committee, the Mine Wars and the various types of jobs in the mines. He also discusses hi…

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  • Olive, Edwin - Interview and Memoir

    Olive, Edwin (1912-1991)

    Edwin Olive, coal miner in Taylorville area from 1932 to 1952, discusses his work experiences, management-labor relations and unions, pit committeemen and wages.

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  • Hamlin, Melvin - Interview and Memoir

    Hamlin, Melvin (1913-1989)

    Hamlin recalls his years working in the coal mines of Illinois and discusses mine operations and structures, mine conditions, hazards, union activities, wages and working hours, black lung disease, an…

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  • Sanders, Earl V. - Interview and Memoir

    Sanders, Earl V. (1886-1981)

    Sanders discusses late 19th and 20th century life in Pawnee, Illinois: family, the town, coal mining, and daily life. Also recalls experiences as a rural mail carrier and an evangelist.

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  • Borgognoni, Frank - Interview and Memoir

    Borgognoni, Frank b. 1924

    Borgognoni, coal miner, discusses his family history and emigra-tion from Italy, violence between the United Mine Workers and the Progressive Miners of America during the 1930's, tactics employed by t…

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  • Wittka, John - Interview and Memoir

    Wittka, John (1915-1996)

    Wittka, coal miner in Christian County, Illinois, recalls his experiences as a strikebreaker, the mechanization of the mines, accidents, ethnicity, strikes and layoffs, United Mine Workers, and prohib…

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  • Ridley, Bill - Interview and Memoir

    Ridley, Bill (1899-1986)

    Bill Ridley, coal miner, discusses mining in Kansas from his 12th year until 1930, fighting in WWI, the Progressive Miners and John L. Lewis, life in Taylorville during the mine wars of the 1930's, an…

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