• Miller, Ada - Interview and Memoir

    Miller, Ada (1910-1999)

    Ada Miller, resident of Christian County, discusses her family's grocery store in Langleyville during the mine wars of the 1930's; impact of mine layoffs and strikes on the community; Progressive Mine…

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  • Fries, Frank - Interview and Memoir

    Fries, Frank (1893-1980)

    Fries, retired coal miner from Gillespie, Illinois, discusses union activities. He recalls the violence of the mine war, Mulkeytown march, Progressive Miners of America, United Mine Workers Union, sit…

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  • Ozanic, Joseph Sr. - Interview and Memoir

    Ozanic, Joseph Sr. (1895-1978)

    Ozanic, coal miner, discusses various aspects of coal mining during the early and mid 20th century and especially mining unions: the conflict between the Progressive Miners of America and United Mine…

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  • Bertetti, Frank - Interview and Memoir

    Bertetti, Frank b. 1901

    Frank Bertetti, a Superior Coal Company employee in Benld, Illinois, discusses the mine wars, United Mine Workers, Progressive Miners, and his participation in the Mulkeytown march. He discusses the a…

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  • Mantowich, Larry - Interview and Memoir

    Mantowich, Larry (1911-1994)

    Mantowich, coal miner, recalls mining conditions before mechanization, mining methods and practices, and miner-company relations. Also discusses prohibition and the Depression, the Ku Klux Klan, famil…

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  • Wands, Julia - Interview and Memoir

    Wands, Julia (1911-1996)

    Wands discusses the mine wars of the 1930's in central Illinois, the Progressive Miners and United Mine Workers, the junior PMA auxiliary, Depression, and violence at Jeisyville, IL.

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  • Fancher, John - Interview and Memoir

    Fancher, John (1899-1984)

    Fancher, Springfield resident, recalls the 1930's coal mine wars in Central Illinois. He discusses his disagreement with the actions of John L. Lewis, being barred from the United Mine Workers Union,…

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  • Hughes, Eugene - Interview and Memoir

    Hughes, Eugene (1908-1987)

    Hughes, coal miner and former International President of the Progressive Miners of America, discusses working conditions in the mines, mining technology and methods, formation of the PMA Union, violen…

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  • Gramlich, Art - Interview and Memoir

    Gramlich, Art (1904-1973)

    Gramlich, a Springfield area coal miner, recalls working conditions in the mines, mechanization, leadership of John L. Lewis, formation of the Progressive Miners of America Union, strikes and the viol…

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  • Tombazzi, Ray - Interview and Memoir

    Tombazzi, Ray (1902-1980)

    Tombazzi, coal miner, discusses coal mining in Illinois: the wars between the UMW and PMA and the Mulkeytown march. Also mentions mechanization, black lung, and work outside the mine.

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  • Mosey, George W. - Interview and Memoir

    Mosey, George W. (1891-1989)

    Mosey, coal miner, discusses his mining experiences in central Illinois: the mine wars, the UMW and PMA unions, the PMA women's auxiliary, Virden and Tovey, and mine strikes, layoffs, machines, and co…

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